Romans

Overall structure

A.Greetings1.1-7
B.Intro (travel) - mutual encouragement (strengthen)1.8-15
C.Thesis: the righteous shall live by faith1:16-17

1
The state of truth: unrighteousness - third person1:18-32

2.1Judgment - second person - all are in the trap (6-16)2:1-16

2.2There is no escape for a subgroup - no partiality with God2:17-29
D.Argument (55 questions - 27summarized)3-11

1Faith establishes the law
3-4


Advantage of Israel;
example of Abraham (weak and strong - prelude)



2Theological consequences for us
5


First person plural; unity in Adam and Christ


3The law is good
6-8


Sin and grace; law and grace; law and sin;
Spirit and flesh; creation and hope



4God is righteous
9-11


Israel'sgifts, God's prerogative, mercy,
remnant, the olive tree metaphor


E.Consequences 12-15:13

1 & 2One body, love, dues, commandments of love,
brief reminder of the light (13:11-14)

12-13:14

3Judgment, the weak and the strong
Invitation to the Gentiles

14
15:1-13
F.Plans (travel) - mutuality and strengthening, spiritualgifts recapped15:14-32
G.Farewells16

Resources referenced:
Barrett,C. K. (1991), The Epistle to the Romans
Barth,K., (1933), The Epistle to the Romans
Dunn,James D. G., The Theology of Paul the Apostle
Esler,Philip, Conflict and Identity in Romans
Nanos,Mark, The Mystery of Romans
Bauckham,Richard, Jude and the relatives of Jesus in the early church
-, Gospel Women


See also these lectures by Douglas Moo - [2012 update]