Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Dalet - the second non-grammatical letter

The earliest word I remember that begins with Dalet is דרך. This word is a very good exercise in the distinction of letters. ד dalet, ר resh, and final kaf ך are an early source of confusing shapes for a new learner of the Hebrew written forms. We find this word in Ruth also

וַתֵּלַכְנָה בַדֶּרֶךְ לָשׁוּב אֶל-אֶרֶץ יְהוּדָה
 and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah
 vàtélàknah bàderek lashvub )el-)erec yhvudah

Other words in Ruth beginning with ד:
וְרוּת דָּבְקָה בָּהּ
vrvut dabqah bah

But Ruth stayed close to her -
to anticipate the other two uses of this word in Ruth, I preferred 'stay close' to the emotive 'clung'.
וַתֶּחְדַּל לְדַבֵּר אֵלֶיהָ
 vàtexdàl ldàbér )éleyah
and she ceased speaking to her
(speak here דָּבָר, thing in 3:18)
אִם-דַּל וְאִם-עָשִׁיר
)im-dàl v)im-`ashyr
whether poor or wealthy
וְעֹבֵד הוֹלִיד אֶת-יִשָׁי וְיִשַׁי הוֹלִיד אֶת-דָּוִד
 v`obéd hvolyd )et-yishay  vyishày hvolyd )et-david
Ruth 4:22 hiphil perfect for bearing. This genealogy is referenced almost as is in Matthew.
Lots of dalet's in the middle of words - but few at the beginning. On to the grammatical ה 'he'.

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